How do you become a barrister?

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Becoming a barrister

Have you got what it takes?

Do you enjoy debating and mooting? Are you a good debater? Are you good at using advocacy skills? Are you well-organised and a good independent worker? Do you love the finer points of law or the cut and thrust of head-to-head confrontation? If the answer to all these questions is 'yes', then the Bar might be the right career path for you.

Forget teenage dreams of shouting 'objection!' in court and poncing about in a wig – if you're serious about a career at the Bar you'll need real determination and staying power to succeed. The competition is fierce with 3,000 applicants vying for around 400 pupillage vacancies each year. Ask yourself: do you have what it takes? Read our Preliminary warning and find out Are you Bar ready?

University years

Certain activities are musts while you're a student if you want to succeed as a barrister: debating, mooting, court visits, networking, getting advocacy experience, mini-pupillages – get stuck in. Oh, and make sure you get a First, or at least a high 2:1.

Social mobility at the BarAt university or Bar School you join one of the four Inns of Court, the Bar's professional associations. As a student the Inns have two main uses: they provide generous study scholarships (worth £5.6 million all told) and are excellent for networking, mooting and training.

Bar school

The Bar Course (formally the BPTC) is expensive and tough. It's a one-year course which you are required to undertake before starting pupillage. Around 1,000 individuals graduate from the BPC each year.

The decision about whether to go to Bar School is a difficult one. Only a few sets offer funding to support you during the course, and you will need to decide whether to enroll on a Bar Course before you know if you have gained pupillage for the following year. Eight institutions offer Bar Courses – read our Law school reviews for more.

Applications and interviews

Most barristers' chambers ('sets') recruit pupils a year in advance. Recruitment in 2022/23 is mostly for pupillages starting in September 2024. Some chambers recruit just a few months (or even weeks!) in advance. A tiny number recruit two years ahead of time too.

Around half of sets recruit their pupils via the Pupillage Gateway, a centralised online application system. The deadline for applications made via the Gateway in 2021 is in early February. Other sets recruit directly and you can find out about their application process in our Chambers Reports or on sets' websites.

Royal Courts of JusticeIt's important to tailor your application to each individual barristers' chambers – explain what attracts you to pupillage at that set. Our Chambers Reports and the Chambers UK directory can help with this. Pupillage interviews are notoriously demanding – expect to be grilled on various legal topics by a panel of barristers. You can read more about Pupillage applications and interviews elsewhere on this website. Many successful candidates apply several times (over several years) before gaining pupillage.




Pupillage is a one-year period of training, which is a necessary requirement before you can become a practising barrister. Pupillages are usually undertaken with a set at chambers, but can also (though more rarely) be done in-house or with the Government Legal Service or Crown Prosecution Service. Sets may have anywhere between one and five pupils, though two is fairly usual.

During pupillage you will be assigned to one or more supervisors and will assist them with their work. Depending on the set you may also gain experience 'on your feet' appearing in court for a client. Pupils are assessed and at the end of the year it's decided if they will be invited to become a member ('tenant') at the set. Find out more about Pupillage and tenancy.

The Bar has its own traditions and vocabulary. Get the low-down on the (meaningful) jargon in our 'Barcode' glossary of terms.