Keating Chambers - True Picture

Keep calm and Keating on: construction and commercial cases are all in a day’s work for members here.

Keating Chambers pupillage review 2022

The Chambers

“Someone once said that if you can build it, and if there’s a delay or defect to the project, we can deal with it,” senior clerk Will Shrubsall says of Keating Chambers. Construction law is one of the biggest cogs in the machine of its practice, but the set has a broader commercial practice: “The vast majority of our work arises out of construction, engineering and infrastructure projects around the world,” Shrubsall elaborates. “We do a vast amount of work related to energy, rail, hospitals, roads and schools.”

Chambers UK Bar acknowledges the set’s expertise with top rankings for construction; international construction and engineering arbitration; energy and natural resources; and public procurement. “Our public procurement team is relatively small, but we have top leading silks and a number of highly recognised juniors,” Shrubsall notes. “We’re looking to organically grow that area with pupils that come through.” Keating is also open to lateral growth, as was made clear when Charles Banner QC made the leap from Landmark Chambers, bringing with him a caseload including Heathrow’s third runway dispute. You’ll often see Keating’s name on cases linked to the capital’s transport: Sarah Hannaford QC recently led a team for train manufacturers Alstom in a dispute with London Underground over the procurement of a new fleet on the deep-tube lines.

“You have to be shrewd as well as intelligent in the commercial world. That’s what we’re looking for.”

In other areas of Keating’s practice, Adam Constable QC represented Keadby Generation as claimant in the High Court after a fire destroyed Yorkshire’s Ferrybridge power station and caused £70 million of losses. Fellow members Marcus Tavener QC and Tom Owen took roles on a £150 million professional negligence case surrounding a shopping centre development and the scope and nature of duties for surveyors, architects and other construction professionals. Many prospective pupils were drawn to the set’s commercial prowess, but head of pupillage Lucy Garrett QC pre-warns that “you have to be shrewd as well as intelligent in the commercial world. That’s what we’re looking for – not just academic knowledge of law but the necessary pragmatism to use it as a tool in the service of your client.”

The Pupillage Experience

Pupillage at Keating consists of four seats of three months, each with a different supervisor. Lucy Garrett QC elaborates that “although we’re all members of a broad church, there are some members that focus more on different areas like procurement or oil and gas. We make sure pupils see the different aspects of practice.” Each pupil will sit with supervisors of various seniorities. The first seat acts as an introduction: Garrett explains that “the first three months are seen as a learning curve. We don’t let pupils do work for anyone else in chambers in their first three months, only their pupil supervisor. They should be allowed to make mistakes without it impacting their prospect of gaining tenancy.” Pupils tackle both live and historic work, most often drafting pleadings and opinions. A junior also recalled time spent on “skeleton arguments and advices, which were fairly short and discrete.”

“They should be allowed to make mistakes without it impacting their prospect of gaining tenancy.”

“You get more involved in the practice of your supervisor” from the second seat, while also starting work for other members of chambers. Pupils sorted through “pleadings, defences, particulars of claim, replies – lots of drafting!” By the third seat they’ll usually be on their feet and start taking on “little pieces of work in our own right.” A junior member recalled providing “advice over the phone on contractual points; helping a solicitor draft a defence; and working on a few hearings in County Court – small procedural applications or resisting summary judgment.” Our pupil sources also received “an introduction to adjudications, which are a big feature of construction law.”

The experience of getting up in front of a judge was “incredibly nerve-wracking at first,” but a leap of faith worth taking. “A lot of it is about being fearless, doing your best and being polite.” More recent pupils had a spot of bad luck in the timing of their second six: when Covid-19 hit, many hearings were cancelled or postponed. “Our clerks and supervisors have been trying to get us cases, but there’s just been fewer of them to go around,” pupils lamented. They’d be likely to handle “three or four hearings during the second six” in normal circumstances. “It picks up more after the tenancy decision,” which usually precedes pupils’ fourth seat.

“A lot of it is about being fearless, doing your best and being polite.”

Pupils also undertake three assessed advocacy exercises over the year – “the third exercise is more important than the first,” to account for progress over time. A silk judges each session, and they usually resemble “mock court hearings based on real cases.” Each pupil supervisor will provide a detailed report on their charges and assess them against the set’s criteria. “Every member a pupil works for will complete a standardised form that goes to the tenancy committee,” sources said. Keating’s committee will review all the documentation and produce a report on who should earn tenancy. Interviewees reckoned “reports from your supervisors carry the most weight, especially from your second and third seats.” Sources also emphasised that Keating is “looking for a trajectory of improvement to demonstrate you’re learning and continuing to improve while practising.” In 2021, two pupils secured tenancy.

“A lot of people have their head down and work very hard, but they will also be friendly and social,” sources suggested. They were especially relieved to find that “barristers are very willing to field questions from junior members of chambers.” Pupils felt well supported, even during the 2020 lockdown: “The clerks have checked in on us repeatedly, telling us how they’ve been managing to get work and checking in on our wellbeing. They’re pretty attentive.” In more normal circumstances, “we normally go for drinks with members on a regular basis,” pupils said – it certainly helps that Keating Chambers is located across the road from multiple popular pubs. The set hosts Christmas and summer parties, and more active members can get their sweat on as part of chambers’ netball and football teams. If you’re more of a foodie, there’s a weekly chambers lunch which “all staff and barristers are invited to.”

The Application Process

Prospective applicants can find Keating on the Pupillage Gateway. The set marks initial applications anonymously to “eliminate opportunities for unconscious bias to creep in.” After this paper sift, around 50 applicants receive a “written case study, upon which they produce an opinion.” These will often be based on a real case, sometimes simplified to ensure the process isn’t too challenging. Lucy Garrett QC gives us more detail: “We provide the candidate with an extract from the relevant legal textbook that covers the principles they’re advising on. We’re not trying to test how well revised someone is like an exam – we’re trying to work out how good they are at applying the facts to the case.”

“We’ve seen all sorts of cool topics presented on, from teaching a chimpanzee to talk to motorbike cornering.”

Some 25 to 30 candidates who’ve shown promise progress to a first-round interview at Keating Chambers in front of a panel of around five pupillage committee members. Candidates will typically answer questions based on their CV and application form and complete an advocacy exercise. “In my interview the committee asked me whether it was defensible that there were only two women on the Supreme Court,” a current pupil reminisced. “I had to argue that it was, which was trickier!”

Between ten and 14 candidates earn places in a second-round interview in front of a similar-sized panel. This involves a five-minute presentation on a topic of the candidate’s choice: “We’ve seen all sorts of cool topics presented on over the years, from teaching a chimpanzee to talk to motorbike cornering,” Garrett reveals. That’s followed by a return to the candidate’s initial case study opinion: a successful applicant recalled that “the panel changed some facts from the case study and then asked whether it would change the advice I gave.” Candidates usually have to also answer 15 minutes of structured questions, often including ethical questions. The panel marks each candidate individually and the combined mark is expressed as a total percentage – to secure pupillage at Keating, candidates must score at least 85%. At first, the top three performers will receive an offer; Garrett adds that “if the fourth or fifth candidate gets more than 85%, they might receive a pupillage offer if one of the top three refuses.”


Build build build

Though construction is key at Keating, sources stressed "a preconceived interest in construction law is not at all essential."


Keating Chambers

15 Essex Street,

  • No of silks 30
  • No of juniors 37
  • No of pupils Up to 3
  • Contact
  • Method of application Pupillage Gateway
  • Pupillages pa Three 12-month pupillages available
  • Tenancies 7 offered in last three years

Chambers profile

Keating Chambers is a leading commercial set. It is one of the two top construction chambers in the UK and worldwide. Keating and our members are regularly shortlisted for the top legal industry awards across construction, energy, international arbitration, professional negligence, procurement and planning. We were most recently awarded The Lawyer’s Chambers of the Year in November 2020.

Chambers’ area of practice is dynamic and challenging. Most of our cases are contractual disputes, but principles of tort, restitution, mistake and misrepresentation frequently arise. The cases are intellectually challenging and the complexity of the disputes requires thorough analytical skills. Chambers is based in modern premises just outside the Temple. In their first years of practice, tenants can expect earnings equivalent to those in other top sets of commercial chambers.

Type of work undertaken

Our members are involved in disputes of all shapes and sizes: from residential building works to multi-million pound projects for the construction of airports, dams, power stations and bridges. Members of chambers have been instructed on projects such as the Olympic venues, Wembley Stadium, the Pinnacle, the Shard, the Gherkin, the Millennium Bridge, the London Eye and the Channel Tunnel. Work also includes rapidly developing areas such as IT, telecommunications, energy, planning and environment and EU law. Members act as advocates in litigation and arbitration throughout the UK. We are often instructed to act in international hearings elsewhere in Europe and throughout Asia, the Middle East, Africa and the Caribbean. A number of our members specialise in international arbitration. New and alternative methods of dispute resolution are often used and several members are frequently appointed as mediators, arbitrators and adjudicators.

Chambers’ area of practice is dynamic and challenging. The relevant principles of law are constantly developing and the technical complexity of disputes requires thorough analytical skills.

Members of Keating Chambers regularly publish books, articles and journals. Keating on Construction Contracts, the leading textbook in its field, is written and researched by current members of Chambers, along with the Construction Law Reports. We also contribute to Halsbury’s Laws of England and Chitty on Contracts.

Pupil profile

It must be emphasised that no specialist or technical knowledge of construction or engineering is required or assumed. However, a sound understanding of the principles of contract and tort law is essential. Save in exceptional cases, we expect applicants to have an upper second or first class degree, whether in law or not. Chambers assesses all applications using its own selection criteria, which can be found on our website, along with a full explanation of the selection process.


Pupils are normally allocated four supervisors in the course of their 12-month pupillage. This ensures that each pupil sees a variety of work of differing levels of complexity within chambers.

Comprehensive training in the core skills is required for practice in our field. To this end, pupils are encouraged to prepare drafts of pleadings, advices, letters and other documents that their supervisor or another member of chambers is instructed to prepare. Pupils are also asked to prepare skeleton arguments for hearings. They attend conferences with clients, both in and out of chambers and, of course, hearings in court, arbitration, adjudication and mediation.


Depending on the circumstances, mini-pupillages will either be ordinary in person 2-day placements or 1-day virtual mini-pupillages. For details please see our website


We offer up to three 12-month pupillages with an award of £70,000. Of this, an advance of £21,000 is available in respect of BPTC fees (incurred or to be incurred).

Diversity, inclusion & wellbeing
We are fully committed to equality and diversity in both recruitment and the provision of services and all applications (be it for staff, tenants, pupils or mini-pupils) are considered on merit alone.

We aim to be at the forefront of gender diversity. We have a high percentage of females in Chambers across barristers and staff including a high proportion of female silks currently at 21%. We signed up to the Equal Representation in Arbitration Pledge in 2016, which seeks to improve the profile and representation of women in arbitration, and achieve greater female arbitrator appointments. We have also arranged targeted events for students over the past four years to give them exposure to the Commercial Bar from the perspectives of female judges, members of Chambers and pupils, who will discuss their career highlights.

We recognise the importance of the TECBAR BAME Network and its efforts enhance BAME inclusion, participation and progression at the Technology and Construction Bar. We have supported this by hosting CV workshops in Chambers to provide support and encouragement to BAME people considering a career at the Bar. In August 2020 we were pleased to announce ourselves as founding partners of “Bridging the Bar”, supporting their mission to ensure equality of opportunity and diversity within the Bar of England and Wales at all professional levels.

We are working with nine other sets on a mentoring scheme for underrepresented groups at the Bar. The purpose of the scheme is to support and encourage individuals from groups which are underrepresented at the Bar of England and Wales (and in particular the commercial bar) to pursue careers as barristers. Those underrepresented groups include women; people from minority ethnic backgrounds; people with disabilities; LGBT+ people; people who spent time in care; and people from disadvantaged socio-economic backgrounds. The scheme will run between October 2021 and May 2022.

We have also adopted a contextual recruitment system for our pupillages, mini-pupillages and senior staff recruitment, which will improve our approach to secure people in Chambers from diverse backgrounds who might be disadvantaged by the traditional means of recruitment.

We continue to look for means of providing support outside of Chambers and are excited to sponsor London Pulse Corporate Netball Cup which will raise funds secure positions for talented athletes who otherwise would not be able to afford to be part of the London Pulse academy programme, as well as an extended education on matters including nutrition, performance lifestyle and the management of studies with training and wellbeing. 

This Firm's Rankings in
UK Bar, 2021

Ranked Departments

    • Construction (Band 1)
    • Energy & Natural Resources (Band 2)
    • International Arbitration: Construction/Engineering (Band 1)
    • Professional Negligence: Technology & Construction (Band 1)
    • Public Procurement (Band 2)